Wattle and Daub (Torchis)

    WattleandDaub   F1020011   FranceWattle and Daub

This construction method consists of weaving thin, flexible sticks between upright stakes. This woven lattice, called wattle, is daubed with a combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.

It is possibly the most ancient building technique, developed when enterprising humans first daubed mud on a branch shelter to make it waterproof. Wattle and daub has been used for at least 6000 years and is still an important construction material in many parts of the world. Treating the timber stakes and lattices, damp proofing and a masonary base are essential to wattle and daub constuction.  

Many historical buildings include wattle and daub construction and the technique is becoming popular again in more developed areas as a low-impact sustainable building technique.

This method, also known as Quincha in South America and Fachwerk in Germany, was historically used in Europe, the Middle East, South, Eastern and Central America and Africa. It is still widely used in many parts of Africa, including South Africa.

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Materials and Methodologies